Patrick Troughton as in The Tomb of the Cybermen
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Played by Patrick Troughton
Tenure 29 October 1966–21 June 1969
First appearance The Tenth Planet (Episode 4) (Uncredited)
Last appearance The War Games (regular)
The Three Doctors (guest star)
The Five Doctors (guest star)
The Two Doctors (guest star)
Number of series 3
Appearances 26 stories (129 episodes)
The Second Doctor is an incarnation of the Doctor, the protagonist of the BBC science fiction television series Doctor Who. He was portrayed by character actor Patrick Troughton.
In 1966, Doctor Who Producer Innes Lloyd decided to replace William Hartnell in the series’ lead role. Lloyd later stated that Hartnell had approved of the choice, saying, “There’s only one man in England who can take over, and that’s Patrick Troughton” (Howe, Stammers and Walker, 68). Lloyd chose Troughton because of his extensive and versatile experience as a character actor. After he was cast, Troughton considered various ways to approach the role, to differentiate his portrayal from Hartnell’s amiable-yet-tetchy patriarch. Troughton’s early thoughts about how he might play the Doctor included a “tough sea captain” and a piratical “Arabian Knight” figure with a blackface, a grey beard, brass eye-rings and a turban. On “Pebble Mill at One”, Troughton stated that this way, when his work on Doctor Who finished he could wash the blackface makeup off, shave his beard, remove the turban and eye-rings and then he would not get typecast because no one would recognise him. Of course this idea was rejected for obvious reasons. Doctor Who co-creator Sydney Newman suggested that The Doctor could be a “cosmic hobo” in the mould of Charlie Chaplin. This was the interpretation eventually chosen (Howe, Stammers and Walker, 68€”69).
Thanks to Wikipedia
The First Doctor grew progressively weaker while battling the Cybermen during the events of The Tenth Planet and eventually collapsed, seemingly from old age. His body renewed itself and transformed into the Second Doctor.
Initially, the relationship between the Second Doctor and his predecessor was unclear. In his first story, the Second Doctor referred to his predecessor in the third person as if he were a completely different person. His companions Ben and Polly are at first unsure how to treat him and it is only when a Dalek recognises him that They accept that he’s the Doctor.
Though outwardly warm, bumbling, and somewhat clownish, the Second Doctor had a darker, more cunning aspect to his personality one which he usually kept hidden in order to carry out his plans.
The transformation into the Second Doctor (originally referred to as a “renewal”), a figure who was the same ‘essential’ character as the first but with a very different persona, was a turning point in the evolution of the series, and eventually became a critical element of the series’ longevity.
In the second story, The Highlanders, Jamie McCrimmon joined the TARDIS crew, and remained with the Second Doctor for the rest of his travels. Ben and Polly left together when the TARDIS landed at Gatwick Airport on the same day they originally left with the First Doctor, after they had stopped the mass kidnapping of tourists by shape shifting aliens. The Doctor and Jamie then became involved in a plot by the Daleks to gain both the “Human and Dalek Factors” when the TARDIS was stolen, which led to them meeting Victoria Waterfield in the 19th century.
The Doctor used the situation to engineer a Dalek civil war that seemingly destroyed the Daleks forever. However, Victoria’s father was among the casualties. Now an orphan, Victoria chose to accompany the Doctor and Jamie on their travels. Although she felt great affection for the Doctor and Jamie, she was never able to completely come to terms with life in the TARDIS and the constant danger that resulted. She eventually chose to leave after the events of Fury from the Deep and was adopted by someone in the 20th Century.
The Doctor was then joined by Zoe Heriot, an extremely intelligent (if overly dependent on logic) woman from the 21st century, who helped defeat The Cybermen attack on a space station known as the Wheel. She then stowed away in the TARDIS and, despite the Doctor’s warnings about what she might encounter, chose to remain.
During his second incarnation, the Doctor confronted familiar foes such as the Daleks and the Cybermen, as well as new enemies such as the Great Intelligence and the Ice Warriors. It was during this time that he first met Alistair Gordon Lethbridge-Stewart, in the tunnels of the London Underground. Following the defeat of the Great Intelligence, Lethbridge-Stewart was promoted to Brigadier and became the leader of the British contingent of UNIT, a military organisation tasked to investigate and defend the world from extraterrestrial threats. The Doctor reteamed with him to defeat an invasion of Cybermen in league with industrialist Tobias Vaughan.
The Second Doctor’s time came to an end when the TARDIS landed in the middle of a warzone, created by a race of alien warlords who, with the help of another renegade Time Lord the War Chief, progressively kidnapped and brainwashed humans into becoming soldiers for them, hoping to use the ones who survived to conquer the Galaxy. Although the Doctor was able to defeat Their plan, he realised he would be unable to return the human subjects to their various original points in Earth’s history. He therefore contacted the Time Lords, sacrificing his own freedom in the process, and despite an attempt to escape was forced to return to his home planet. He was then put on trial by the Time Lords, for breaking their laws of non-interference. Despite the Doctor’s argument that The Time Lords should use their great powers to help others, he was sentenced to exile on 20th century Earth, the Time Lords forcing his regeneration into the Third Doctor in the process. Jamie and Zoe were returned to their own time, with their memories of all but their first encounter with the Doctor wiped and the secret of the TARDIS was also taken from the Doctor.
Though outwardly warm, bumbling, and somewhat clownish, the Second Doctor had a darker, more cunning aspect to his personality one which he usually kept hidden in order to better carry out his plans.
He travelled with a number of companions. He had several adventures with his previous incarnation’s last companions, Ben Jackson and Polly Wright, before adding Highland Scot Jamie McCrimmon to the mix. After a while, Ben and Polly left, to be replaced by Victoria Waterfield, a woman orphaned by the Daleks. In time, she too left, and the Doctor made a new friend in the mentally gifted Zoe Heriot. At some point he also travelled with his grandchildren, John and Gillian.
His adventures came to an end when he at last called on his people for help with the evil machinations of the War Lord. Though the Time Lords did indeed render assistance, they also condemned him to exile on Earth and a new body. The Celestial Intervention Agency was able to stay the execution of this sentence for a while. During these later years of his life, the Second Doctor variously carried out covert operations for the CIA and lived in luxury and fame in the heart of 1960s London. Eventually, though, Time Lord justice reasserted itself, and the Doctor was indeed forced to regenerate into his third body.
HABITS AND QUIRKS
The second incarnation possessed a recorder, which he played to concentrate or while under stress. (The Power of the Daleks onwards)
In Scotland, he posed as a German physician, calling himself Doktor von Wer (The Highlanders) and in Atlantis he dressed as a strange, gypsy-like musician. (The Underwater Menace) In most of these instances, he seemed as much motivated by the fun of doing it as much as for any practical purpose.
The second incarnation dressed similarly to his earlier incarnation, though in far less natty fashion. The trousers were clownishly large and the cravat was replaced with a bow tie. He quickly abandoned the blue signet ring as it no longer fitted him. In his first adventure on Vulcan he possessed a tall stove-pipe hat. (The Power of the Daleks) He switched between a plain white shirt and a bright or dull blue shirt quite often. (The Five Doctors, The Three Doctors, The Two Doctors) He also early on expressed a liking for hats in general, stating about different head gear that he “would like a hat like that!” (The Highlanders) He also occasionally wore an over-sized fur coat. (The Abominable Snowmen, The Ice Warriors, The Five Doctors) In the 2000s, Polly described him as “a bit sartorially challenged” to the Brigadier and compared his hairstyle to those worn by the Beatles, (The Three Companions) as did John Benton (The Hexford Invasion), Isobel Watkins (Who Killed Kennedy) and Ace. (The Light At The End)
The second incarnation had longish, rumpled hair and blue eyes. Alternate accounts described his eyes as being ‘soft chestnut brown’ (Pluto) and later they appeared to change colour several times alternating between blue, grey, and green.
Meeting an old friend and losing a new one
The Doctor later befriended Stuart Mallory, a distinguished naturalist, with whom he and his two companions later took dinner. (The Last Emperor)
The Doctor next visited the American town of East Ridge, where he helped a farmer called Thomas Watson to protect his family’s farm from ruthless New York businessman, John Glassman. However, the Doctor’s actions turned the whole town against the Watsons. The Doctor, Jamie and Victoria managed to expose John’s dishonesty to the town’s sheriff, which saved Thomas’ farm and place within the town. (The Farmer’s Story)
Returning to 1960s London weeks after the Yeti invasion, the Doctor discovered a robot duplicate of Edward Waterfield had been created by the Daleks to exact revenge on him for destroying them in the 19th century. Even thought the Doctor defeated the robot, the trauma of fighting her own father fuelled Victoria’s determination to stop travelling with him as soon as she found peace for herself. (Father Figure)
The Doctor next investigated a number of disappearances At The New York Supplementary Education Institution and sent Jamie and Victoria undercover. He was reunited with a younger version of Edward Grainger, whose god-daughter and husband had also gone missing. The Doctor discovered a slave race called the Virtors had been transporting students back to their homeworld of Virtus. He prevented them from capturing Victoria, Jamie and Edward. But accidentally fell into their portal to Virtus himself.
Trapped on Virtus for a long period of time, the Doctor led a slave rebellion and, eventually, led the ageing humans back home, merely seconds after he had originally left from Earth’s prospective, and he reunited Edward with his, now much older, god-daughter. (The Lost)
He has been nicknamed the “Cosmic Hobo” as the impish Second Doctor appeared to be far more scruffy and childlike than his first incarnation.
Mercurial, clever, and always a few steps ahead of his enemies, at times he could be a calculating schemer who would not only manipulate people for the greater good but act like a bumbling fool in order to have others underestimate his true abilities. Sometimes this appears simply as a joke, such as in The Tomb of the Cybermen, where he finishes the archaeologists’ calculations behind their backs, but at other times, it seems much darker. In The Evil of the Daleks he coldly manipulates Jamie into trying to rescue Victoria (thus setting in motion the Human Factor tests) and is unsympathetic when Edward Waterfield tries to apologise for his collaboration with the Daleks. Despite the bluster and tendency to panic when events got out of control, the Second Doctor always acted heroically and morally in his desire to help the oppressed.
This Doctor is associated with the catchphrases “Oh my giddy aunt!” and “When I say run, run!”, and is noted for playing the recorder. In early stories he also demonstrates a fondness for hats and other types of headgear, mainly sporting a distinctive stovepipe hat when outdoors.
With the arrival of a younger Doctor and changing tastes, the Second Doctor’s tenure was characterised by a faster pace and a preference toward “monster of the week”-style horror stories, whilst the purely historical adventures that were a recurring feature of the Hartnell era ceased with The Highlanders, the only Troughton-era entry in that genre. While Troughton’s Doctor would still visit the Earth’s past, he would always encounter an alien, such as the Daleks or the Ice Warriors. It was also during this era that Doctor Who began to come under fire for its purportedly violent and frightening content.
As with his predecessor, all the Second Doctor’s original episodes were in black-and-white. Later guest appearances in The Three Doctors, The Five Doctors and The Two Doctors were in colour. However, Troughton’s reign as the Doctor was more notable for what does not exist than for what does, as many of the episodes featuring the Second Doctor were junked by the BBC; a full list of incomplete Doctor Who serials shows how many of these episodes are missing from the BBC Archives will be coming to DWW soon.
Only one story in Troughton’s first two seasons – The Tomb of the Cybermen – still exists in its entirety; ten stories only exist partially (most with one or two episodes out of 4 or 6); and four are lost in their entirety: his first story, The Power of the Daleks; Jamie’s first adventure, The Highlanders; The Macra Terror; and Victoria’s last adventure, Fury From the Deep.
Due to what would appear to be continuity errors in Troughton’s later appearances (particularly in The Two Doctors), some fans have speculated that The Time Lords used the Second Doctor as an agent after the events of The War Games, and that he did not in fact immediately regenerate and enter his exile on Earth. This theory of continuity is described as “Season 6B”.
Peter Davison, Colin Baker and Matt Smith, who played the Fifth Doctor, Sixth Doctor and Eleventh Doctor respectively, have stated that The Second Doctor is their favourite. Smith has also stated that his Doctor costume, in particular the bow-tie, was also influenced by the Second Doctor’s, after Smith cited the Troughton story The Tomb of the Cybermen as a favourite episode
The Second Doctor would return to the series on three occasions: in 1973 for the 10th anniversary serial The Three Doctors (which also saw the return of William Hartnell as the First Doctor), in 1983 for the 20th anniversary special, The Five Doctors, and once more in 1985 in The Two Doctors.
The Doctor, Jamie and Zoe visited a space ship that was being attacked by snake-like creatures. The creatures were defeated by the Doctor playing the recorder. (The Forgotten) They also encountered the Krotons, and freed the Gonds from them. (The Krotons) Later they once more battled the Ice Warriors. (The Seeds of Death)
The group landed in the Frenko Bazaar, a famous intergalactic trading post where one could buy “just about anything”. The Doctor, in an attempt to take down the slave market, placed a homing device on Jamie, and followed some Voraxx into Stellar Imports & Exports to gain their attention. A member told the Doctor that Jamie, coming from the past, was worth a mint. When he said Jamie wasn’t for sale, the Voraxx members followed them.
The Voraxx kidnapped Jamie, and took him aboard a slaver ship in orbit. Following Jamie’s signal, the Doctor and Zoe found the trans-mat that led to the ship and found Jamie. They then awoke some Ice Warriors, who started an uprising. The slaves took over the ship, forcing the slavers to leave. As the trio teleported back to the shop, the Doctor was shocked to find his companions missing, having been captured by an entity. (Prisoners of Time”)
He also appeared in a snippet of an unseen adventure where he passed Clara Oswald and the Eighth Doctor, in some CGI footage of him running in “The Five Doctors” edited into a new location for the story “The Name of the Doctor“.
Visions of the Second Doctor appear in Day of the Daleks, The Brain of Morbius, Earthshock, Mawdryn Undead, Resurrection Of The Daleks, “The Next Doctor“, “The Eleventh Hour“, “Vincent and the Doctor“, “The Lodger“, “Nightmare In Silver“, and The Sarah Jane Adventures story Death of the Doctor. He was also seen in the episode “The Name of the Doctor” running around in a park (taken from archive footage from The Five Doctors).
Captured by the Master
The Doctor was captured by the Master, who wanted to pull seven of the Doctors. out of time for revenge. The Graak helped free him.
The test to free the Second Doctor was like one of his past adventures, in which Yeti were set free to roam around the TARDIS and a London Underground-like domain, with his Stattenheim remote control taken from the him. When the Master was captured, all Doctors were freed. (Destiny of the Doctors)
TRAPPED ON EARTH
Later the Doctor took up residence on Earth, living out of the posh Carlton Grange Hotel in London. During this period, he enjoyed considerable luxury and press attention. People from around the world brought their problems to him. (Action in Exile – The Night Walkers)
A sculpture of his head appeared in the 1993 special for Children In Need titled Dimensions In Time.
After regaining his companions, the Doctor encountered space pirates. (The Space Pirates) When Jamie and Zoe were imprisoned in an alien prison disguised as an English country home, the Doctor allied with a gentlemen thief called Lucas Seyton, known as “the Fallen Angel”. They infiltrated the prison and discovered the prisoners had killed each other. After being reunited with his friends, the Doctor closed the prison down and destroyed the android guards. (Fallen Angel)
At some point during his travels with Jamie and Zoe, they visited Bob Dovie at 59A Barnsfield Crescent in Totton, Hampshire on 23 November 1963. (The Light At The End)
The actor is played by Reece Shearsmith in the 50th Anniversary drama An Adventure In Space And Time, a documentary on how the show was first created, Due to air 23 November 2013
- Rupert Davies, Valentine Dyall (later to play the Black Guardian and Slarn), and Michael Hordern were all approached for the role of the Second Doctor. All declined, as they didn’t want to commit to a long-running series.
- Matt Smith, in preparation for his role as the Eleventh Doctor, watched the Troughton serial The Tomb of the Cybermen, and fell in love with it. He describes Troughton as “rather wonderful” and as being his favourite Doctor. Smith’s costume and mannerisms are reminiscent of Troughton’s.
- Almost half of the episodes from the Second Doctor’s era have been lost, leaving only seven of Patrick Troughton’s 21 TV stories still fully intact (excluding his appearances in multi-Doctor specials). Two further incomplete stories have been released commercially, with specially-created material to bridge the missing episodes. Surviving “orphan” episodes and footage have been released on the Lost in Time DVD collection.
- The Second Doctor was the first incarnation to directly work with four of his other selves on television, though that turned out to be a number also attained by the Fifth Doctor by virtue of Time Crash. If one includes a story this wiki generally doesn’t €” Dimensions in Time €” then it could be said that The Third and Sixth Doctors were on the “four-timer” list, as well. However, there was no actual “interaction” between Doctors in Dimensions.
- Until Time Crash, the Second Doctor was the only incarnation to appear in all televised multi-Doctor stories. As of 2013, Troughton holds the record for working with the highest number of other incarnations, having directly interacted with four other Doctors: the First, Third, Fifth, and Sixth Doctors. Taking into account all performed media, however, the record-holder is Peter Davison. His appearances on audio with the Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Doctors add to his totals from The Five Doctors and Time Crash, to give a grand total of eight other Doctors.
- The Second Doctor was the first incarnation to have his face integrated into the Doctor Who title sequence, beginning with The Macra Terror.
- The Second Doctor, Jamie and Victoria travelled to Venus, where the Doctor learned Venusian aikido. (Voyage to Venus)
- The Second Doctor also travelled to Draconia, during the reign of the Fifteenth Emperor, and cured a local plague, which earned him a nightingale as a Noble Draconian.(Holding a title on Draconia later helped the Third Doctor. (Frontier in Space)
- River Song was offered ‘this cool place on Telos’ by the Second Doctor, but according to her diary she “saw right through that (and I hope he chokes on that recorder.)” As with all the former incarnations of the Doctor she interacted with, she wiped his memory with mnemosine recall-wipe vapour so as to not contaminate the timeline. (The Eternity Clock)
- t an unknown point in his life, the Second Doctor had an adventure with the Eighth Doctor in a park in the United States of America, where they both briefly crossed paths with a version of Clara Oswald. (The Name of the Doctor)
- The Second Doctor teamed up with all of his other incarnations. to save Gallifrey from destruction At The end of the Last Great Time War. Due to the timelines not being synchronised, he had no memory of this event. (The Day Of The Doctor)
- The Second Doctor was the first incarnation to have his face integrated into the Doctor Who title sequence, beginning with The Macra Terror.
There are some corners of the universe which have bred the most terrible things. Things which act against everything that we believe in. They must be fought